Carbon dioxide CO2

Carbon Dioxide: Liquid carbon dioxide forms only at pressures above 5.1 atm; the triple point of carbon dioxide is about 518 kPa at −56.6 °C and the critical point is 7.38 MPa at 31.1 °C. It is used in many consumer products that require pressurized gas because it is inexpensive and nonflammable, and because it undergoes a phase transition from gas to liquid at room temperature at an attainable pressure of approximately 60 bar, (870 psi, 59 atm), allowing far more carbon dioxide to fit in a given container than otherwise would. Life jackets often contain canisters of pressured carbon dioxide for quick inflation. Aluminum capsules of CO2 are also sold as supplies of compressed gas for airguns, paintball markers, inflating bicycle tires, and for making carbonated water. Rapid vaporization of liquid carbon dioxide is used for blasting in coal mines. High concentrations of carbon dioxide can also be used to kill pests. Liquid carbon dioxide is used in supercritical drying of some food products and technological materials, in the preparation of specimens for scanning electron microscopy and in the decaffeination of coffee beans.

Properties :

  • Non-flammable
  • Non-toxic
  • Odourless
  • Colourless
Gas quality Impurities

H2O < 5 ppm
O2 < 4 ppm
N2 < 10 ppm
CnHm < 13 ppm

H2O < 2 ppm
O2 < 1 ppm
N2 < 5 ppm
H2 < 1 ppm
CnHm < 1 ppm

H2O < 1 ppm
O2 < 0.5 ppm
N2 < 2 ppm
H2 < 0.5 ppm
CnHm < 1 ppm
Chemical formula : CO2
Molecular weight : 44.01 g/mol
Boiling point at 1.013 bar : 78.50 0C
Gas density, absolute : 1.87  kg/m3 (15 0C, 1.013 bar)
Gas density, relative air : 1.53
Cylinder connection : BS Standard or  CGA on request
Cylinder colour : Slate Grey